Memorial to the Norwegian Victims of Judgment, Hate and Fear

In this blog I have emphasized the Christian command to love.  I have noted the bad fruits of judgment, hate and fear of the GLBT community which Christian aggressors have tried to justify as God-approved, even God-directed.  Grief and loss, the bad fruits of judgment, hatred and fear, is expressed in many ways.

Picasso addressed such pain and loss in the context of the war in Guernica:

The painting may be accessed at my original source, .  I also included it and discussed it in the context of violence in Tucson and Omaha in my post on a related site, The Bible Through Artists’ Eyes, which post you may find at .

For an excellent and sensitive journalistic photo presentation by Time, which honors the victims, those who were killed, those who survived and the many who grieve, see,29307,2084743_2295860_last,00.html,29307,2084743_2295860_last,00.html

I note that the Associated Press reported today, July 28, 2011, that the Prime Minister of Norway, Jens Stoltenberg, “called on his country to react by more tightly embracing, rather than abandoning, the culture of tolerance that Anders Behring Breifik said he was trying to destroy.”  Now that is a faith statement that is sure to bear good fruit.  That is what true forgiveness is about: a refusal to be bound by the wrongs, evils and fears of the past as proper governmental authorities hold Breifik accountable.


Next blog post: Rev. Gilbert H Caldwell Speaks for Inclusiveness          



Memorial to the Norwegian Victims of Judgment, Hate and Fear

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral is a A Tool To Understanding The Christian Faith

Among Methodists the Wesleyan Quadrilateral, provides a useful tool for understanding the Christian faith. Derived from John Wesley’s theological approach, the Quadrilateral refers to Scripture, Tradition, Reason, and Experience. For Wesley scripture was the primary source, but the Christian tradition, reason, and experience added depth of discernment.

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral

“[John Wesley] demonstrated a holistic understanding of the Christian faith that superseded his particular skills a bibilical exegete or sytematic theologian.”

Wesley “appealed to tradition, reason, and experience as complementary sources of religious authority. These sources, together with the primary religious authority of Scripture, contributed to an approach to theology that continues to provide insight for Christians today.”

-Donald A.D. Thorsen

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral” by Donald A.D. Thorsen (©1997, Light and Life Communications).

We see the scriptures and the personal experiences. These personal experiences can also be conceived to encompass the tradition, i.e., the experiences and thinking of the church “fathers” as well as the experiences of all sorts of people from peasant to pope who have been possessed of the Holy Spirit, e.g., the life and experience of Francis of Assisi as well as Thomas Aquinas, etc., etc.

The fourth side, and which might even be considered as the foundation, is reason or rationality itself, and not only as the source of experience and science in general, but also and more specifically as the formal repository of the voice of God as expressed in the conscience, and whereby we are kept from falling into sheer subjectivism. I am speaking of the moral law of God which so amazed Immanuel Kant, i.e., “the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me!”

And so now we can grasp the elements of Wesley’s quadrilateral altogether now as a unity: scripture, tradition, reason and experience, all working together reciprocally to fashion the “Christ in me” such that I too can speak authoritatively with regard to right and wrong and good and evil, and of the power of God, for the same spirit that moves me, moved the bible writers and the line of Christians from Christ to myself, and all under a rubric of rationality and sense.


Next blog post: Scripture Accounts of How God Has Been Heard to Speak     

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral